Thursday

Three aspects of Krishna's Teaching

              Bhagavad Gita, one of the books of the ancient Indian epos "Mahabharata" features the dialogue between the prince Arjuna and Divine Krishna through whose mouth Ishvara (God-Father) expounded His Teaching.
This Teaching can be divided into three components:
1. Ethical.
2. "Intellectual" (ontological).
3. Psychoenergetic (that is related to man's development within raja — and buddhi-yoga).
There are three components of man's spiritual evolution [1,3]. We shall consider each one of them separately.



 

 

Ethics of Bhagavad Gita


Ethics is composed of three components:
a) man's attitude towards other people and the whole of the environment within prakriti and purusha (that is within matter and spirit in a collective sense except God in the aspect of the Creator);
b) attitude towards the Creator;
c) attitude towards one's Path to Perfection.
I shall cite Krishna's words on each of these three divisions of ethic teaching.

a) On attitude towards people and the environment

Krishna suggests that everything existing in the Universe is regarded as manifestation of God in the aspect of the Absolute. Love to God implies love to the Creation as His inalienable part:
7:8. I am the taste of water, the light of the Sun and the Moon..., Pranava, the Universal Knowledge, the Cosmic Voice and humanity in people.
7:9. I am the original fragrance of earth and the heat of fire. I am the life of all that lives and I am the penance of all seekers.
7:10. ...I am the consciousness of all who have developed their consciousness. I am the splendor of all which is fine.
7:11. I am the strength of the strong devoid of passion and desire. I am the sexual power, which is not contrary to the dharma of all beings
7:12. Know that sattva, rajas and tamas — all these are manifested by Me. But understand that not I am in them, but they are in Me.
12:15. He who does not make others suffer... — that one is very dear to Me.
16:2-3. ...Compassion towards living beings... — he who is born for the Divine destiny (possesses this quality).
17:15. Austerity of speech consists in speaking beneficially and in avoiding speech that offends.
17:16. ...Being friendly to all...- is the austerity of mind.
6:9.That one is advanced spiritually and possesses the developed consciousness who treats equally kindly friends and enemies, indifferent ones, relatives and strangers, the envious, the pious and sinners.

b) On attitude towards the Creator:

11:54. ... Only by love can I be perceived in My sacred Essence and be merged with.
13:10. ... Constant and pure love to Me... — this I declare of truth.